Mitral Valve Stenosis

Mitral valve stenosis (MS) is a form of valvular heart disease that is characterized by the narrowing of the mitral valve orifice, obstructing the normal flow of blood between the heart chambers. Basically, it means that your mitral valve is smaller than it should be, so blood can’t move as it should on the left side of your heart.

This disorder can significantly reduce the amount of blood that flows forward to the body, potentially leading to a range of health complications.

At Corrielus Cardiology, our commitment extends beyond your cardiac health to your overall wellness. We prioritize excellence in identifying mitral valve stenosis and other cardiovascular conditions.

As a renowned cardiologist in Philadelphia, Dr. Corrielus takes immense satisfaction in contributing to his community through outstanding healthcare services. 

Causes and Prevalence

Mitral stenosis is primarily caused by rheumatic fever, but it can also arise due to calcification of the mitral valve leaflets and congenital heart disease. The prevalence of rheumatic disease is declining in developed countries. 

Interestingly, MS appears to be more common in females and typically presents 20 to 40 years after an episode of rheumatic fever.

Symptoms

MS can lead to an increase in left atrial pressure, which can cause pulmonary hypertension and atrial fibrillation, leading to a decrease in cardiac output and the sudden development of congestive heart failure. Symptoms of MS include:

  • Orthopnea (shortness of breath)
  • Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (waking up at night with severe shortness of breath)
  • Palpitations
  • Chest pain
  • Fatigue

On auscultation, a loud first heart sound and a loud P2 component of the second heart sound may be heard.

Treatment Options for Mitral Valve Stenosis

It's crucial to understand that treatments for MS primarily aim to manage symptoms and prevent complications, as they cannot cure the condition.

Medication

Various medications, such as beta-blockers, diuretics, and blood thinners, can be used to manage your symptoms and prevent further complications. These drugs can help with:

  • High blood pressure
  • Symptoms of heart failure 
  • Fast heart rhythms
  • Blood clots and strokes 

Catheter-based Procedures

Catheter-based procedures like valvuloplasty, balloon valvotomy, and transcatheter mitral valve replacement can repair or replace the valve.

Surgical Methods

In more severe cases, surgical methods, including minimally invasive or robotically assisted surgery, may be used to repair or replace a damaged mortal valve.

Potential Complications

While treatment can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life, there may be potential complications, which include:

  • Dizziness
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Heart failure
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Severe mitral regurgitation (leaky valve)
  • Blood clots
  • Abnormal heart rhythms

Recovery Time

Recovery time varies depending on what treatment option is best for you. Surgical methods require longer recovery times than catheter-based approaches. Most people can recover fully within days with a catheter-based approach or within a few weeks with a surgical approach. 

Mitral Valve Stenosis Treatment in Philadelphia

Mitral valve stenosis is a complex heart condition that requires professional medical attention. At Corrielus Cardiology, we strive to provide patient-centered care, ensuring that each patient fully understands their condition and the available treatment options.

If you're experiencing symptoms of mitral valve stenosis or have been diagnosed with this condition, don't hesitate to reach out. You can call Corrielus Cardiology at 215-383-5900 or book an appointment online.

Our team at Corrielus Cardiology is ready to provide the support, care, and treatment options you need. Contact us today to schedule your consultation.

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